The Ultimate Coffee Glossary

Accessorials are additional services that come with delivering coffee to you.
Advice of Shipment
Advice of shipment is a message that tells the person who bought the coffee that it's on the way to them.
The term "afloat" is an informal way of saying that the coffee is on a ship and on its way to its final destination.
Bill of Landing (BOL)
A Bill of Lading (BOL) is a document that provides details about a shipment of coffee beans.
Carriage and Insurance Paid To (CIP)
Carriage and Insurance Paid To (CIP) is a type of trade term used in the coffee industry.
Carriage Paid To (CPT)
Carriage Paid To means the seller will get the coffee to a place agreed upon with the buyer.
Carry Costs
Carry costs refer to the expenses related to storing coffee that a roaster owns but has not yet taken delivery of.
Commitment to Buy
A farmer, producer or exporter may request a signed commitment to purchase from the buyer well in advance.
Container Load
A container is a big box that is used to ship things all over the world. It is usually moved by truck, train, or ship.
Cost and Freight (CFR)
Cost and Freight (CFR) pricing method, the seller is responsible for the delivery of the goods to a ship and loading the goods onto the ship.
Cost, Insurance and Freight (CIF)
CIF is a pricing method that includes the cost of coffee, shipping and insurance for coffee imports.
Delivered Duty Paid (DDP)
DDP means the importer pays for shipping and takes ownership of the shipment, so the roaster doesn't have to worry about shipping risks.
Delivery Order (DO)
A Delivery Order (DO) is a document that authorizes the release of coffee from the warehouse to the buyer or new owner.
Estimated to Arrive (ETA)
Ex Warehouse (EXW)
Ex-warehouse option means you arrange transport and assume risk at the warehouse.
Forward Contract (Forward)
A Forward Contract is an agreement to purchase coffee that has not yet arrived.
Free Carrier (FCA)
When the importer loads coffee onto a carrier at the warehouse, the roaster assumes risk and pays for transport, insurance, and losses
Free on Board (FOB)
What does Free on Board (FOB) mean?
Free on Truck (FOT)
FOT (Free on Truck) is a trade term that means the buyer is responsible for arranging and paying for the land transportation of the coffee from a specific warehouse to the destination
Incoterms are rules that explain what buyers and sellers need to do when they trade goods with people from other countries.
SPOT Coffee
Spot coffee refers to the green coffee that is currently available for immediate purchase and stored in a warehouse for shipment.
Terms of delivery
What are the Terms of delivery?
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