The Ultimate Coffee Glossary


What is the Typica coffee varietal?

Typica is one of the main cultivars of Coffea Arabica, and one from which many other commercial types have been derived. It is a tall, conical-shaped plant with branches that grow at a slight slant. It has a rangey, open form with lateral branches forming 50-70° angles with the vertical stem.
Typica is believed to have originated in Ethiopia, where it is still grown today. It is also grown in Yemen, India, and Indonesia. It was the first coffee to be cultivated in the New World, when it was brought to Martinique in 1720. From there, it spread to other Caribbean islands, Central America, and South America.
Typica is known for its low production and good cup quality. It has a longer seed form than the other main cultivar, Bourbon. It is also known for its dark tips, which are a result of the new leaf growth.
Typica has a host of sub-types, from Blue Mountain to Bergendal, Java Typica to Guatemala Typica. All should have dark tips. The issue is that "Typical Arabica" indicates the common form, as well as the original form, so over time and geography, these two Typicas may not be the same.
Typica is a popular cultivar for specialty coffee production due to its good cup quality. It is also known for its resistance to disease and pests, making it a good choice for farmers.
Typica is a popular choice for many coffee producers, as it is known for its good cup quality and resistance to disease and pests. It is also a good choice for farmers due to its low production and dark tips. It is a cultivar that has been around for centuries and is still popular today.
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