The Ultimate Coffee Glossary

Coffee Varieties and Genetics

Abyssinia
Abyssinia is a unique coffee variety introduced to Java in 1928, which has spread to other parts of Indonesia, with a distinct bean and leaf form.
Acaiá
Acaiá is a Brazilian coffee plant created from Sumatra and Bourbon, but Sumatra's origin is uncertain.
Anacafe 14
A rust-resistant and high-quality coffee plant, known as the Catimor-Pacamara hybrid.
Andung Sari
Anung Sari is a hybrid coffee plant with high yield, excellent cup profile, and sweetness, making it a popular choice for coffee farmers in the region.
Arabica
Coffea Arabica is the most widely cultivated species of coffee, accounting for 75% of the world's commercial coffee crop.
Arabigo
Arabigo is an old and widely cultivated coffee variety originating in Ethiopia, known for its high yield, hardiness, and distinctive flavor profile.
Arabusta
The Arabusta variety is a hardy variety of coffee that has been developed to cross with coffea arabica and coffea canephora.
Ateng
Ateng a type of Catimor that is widely planted in Sumatra and other Indonesian isles. It is a cross between Arabica and Robusta.
Backcrossing
Backcrossing, which is crossbreeding a hybrid with one of its parent plants, allows us to enhance genetic traits like disease resistance and seed size.
Bergendal
The Bergendal coffee varietal is a rare and unique variety of coffee that is found in the Aceh and Sumatra regions of Indonesia.
Blue Mountain Cultivar
The Blue Mountain Cultivar is a unique variety of coffee that is known for its resistance to Coffee Berry Disease.
Bourbon
Bourbon is an Arabica cultivar developed by the French on Reunion Island, known for its balanced and sweet cup profile, grown in Central and South America, Africa, and Indonesia.
Bourbon Mayaguez
The Bourbon Mayaguez varietal is a variant of the Bourbon cultivar that is a type of Arabica coffee. It is believed to have originated in Rwanda and Burundi in the early part of the 20th century, and the varietal is a mutation of the original Bourbon cultivar.
Castillo
Castillo is a hybrid variety of coffee developed over five generations in Colombia, known for its resistance to disease and pests, ability to thrive in a variety of climates, and high yields.
Catimor
Catimor is a type of coffee that is direct from Portugal and is popular for its over-activity against certain diseases.
Catuai
Catuai was developed in the 1950s and 1960s. It is a hybrid of Mundo Novo and Caturra, and is widely used in Brazil and Central America.
Caturra
Caturra is an Arabica coffee variety, discovered in Brazil in 1937, known for its good yield potential and cup characteristics, especially when grown at higher altitudes.
Charrieriana
The Charrieriana coffee varietal is a new caffeine-free species of coffee from Cameroon, the first record of a caffeine-free species from Central Africa.
Dega
Dega is an ancient Ethiopian variety, known for its distinctive characteristics and flavor profile, grown in the ideal conditions of the Misty Valley (Yirgacheffe) without chemicals or fertilizers.
Excelsa
Coffea Excelsa is a distinct species in the genus Coffea. It is also known as Coffea Dewertii, and is a robusta-like form.
F1 Hybrids
F1 Hybrids are a type of coffee varietal designed to produce high yields and have strong resilience to disease, offering potential solutions to climate change and disease challenges.
French Mission Bourbon
The French Mission Bourbon coffee varietal is a type of coffee that has its origins in East Africa. It is believed to have been brought by French missionaries from Reunion Island, which is located in the Indian Ocean.
Garungan
The Garungan variety ioriginates from the Lintong area, and is resistant to disease and pests. It is also tolerant of drought and can withstand periods of low rainfall.
Gesha
Gesha is a town in Western Ethiopia, and the coffee varietal is believed to have originated from this area.
Gesha 1931
Gesha 1931 is a highly sought-after varietal due to its complexity and unique flavor profile. It is grown in limited quantities, and is often sold at a premium price.
Golden Beans
The Golden Bean coffee varietal is a unique type of coffee bean that is found in Yemen and Ethiopia.
Gori Gesha
Gori Gesha coffee is a unique variety of Arabica coffee that is known for its complex flavor profile and rarity.
Heirloom / Local Landraces
Heirloom and local landraces coffee varietals are native to Ethiopia and have been adapted over centuries to thrive in the local environment.
Hibrido
Hibrido coffee is a hybrid variety of coffee that is grown in Central America. It is a cross between the traditional Bourbon cultivar and other varieties of coffee.
Hibrido De Timor
Hibrido de Timor is a hybrid coffee varietal, a cross between Robusta and Timor Arabica.
Icatu
Icatu is a popular coffee varietal in Brazil due to its high production, good cup quality, and disease resistance.
Illubabor Forest
The Illubabor Forest coffee varietal is a rare, heirloom variety found in Ethiopia known for its high quality, unique flavor profile, and resistance to disease and pests.
Jackson
The Jackson varietal of coffee is a late descendant of the first coffee seeds that were taken from Yemen and brought to India in 1670.
Java Cultivar
The Java Cultivar coffee varietal is a distinct type of coffee that is grown widely in Cameroon.
Kent
Kent is a high-yielding variety that was developed on the Kent estate in Mysore, India.
Kona Typica
Kona Typica is a traditional coffee varietal grown exclusively in the Kona region of Hawaii, known for its unique flavor profile, high quality, and distinctive processing methods.
Kudhum
Kudhum is a naturally occurring variety of coffee native to Ethiopia, known for its high quality and sweet and floral notes.
Kurume
Kurume is a coffee variety that is commonly grown among farmers in the Guji and Gedeo Zones of Ethiopia, which includes Yirgacheffe.
Laurina
Laurina is a coffee variety that is native to Reunion Island, a French island located in the Indian Ocean.
Lempira
The Lempira is a hardy variety that is well-suited to the climate and soil conditions of Honduras.
Liberica
Liberica coffee is a unique species of coffee that is found in Indonesia and other parts of Asia.
Maracatu
The Maracatu varietal is a hybrid of two different coffee cultivars, Maragogype and Catuai.
Maracaturra
Maracaturra is a hybrid of two coffee cultivars, Maragogype and Caturra.
Maragogype
Maragogype, a varietal of coffee, was discovered in Brazil and is a mutation of the Typica coffee.
Mibirizi
The Mibirizi coffee varietal is a Bourbon cultivar variant that is grown in Rwanda and Burundi.
Mixed heirloom
Mixed Heirloom coffee varietal is a term used to describe a blend of coffee beans from Ethiopia. It is a catch-all term used to describe any coffee beans that are not identified as a specific variety.
Mundo Novo
Mundo Novo is a cross between two varieties that are both widely grown in Brazil, Red Bourbon and Typica from Sumatra.
Obata
The Obata coffee varietal is a high-yield, disease-resistant varietal developed by the IAC of Sao Paulo State.
Orange Bourbon
Orange Bourbon is a mutation of the traditional Bourbon varietal, and is distinguishable from red Bourbon by its orange-colored cherries when ripe.
Pacas
Pacas is a natural mutation of the Bourbon cultivar, known for its good cup character, hardiness, and ease of growth.
Pache
Pache is a coffee varietal that is a dwarf mutation of Typica coffee.
Peaberry
The peaberry is a varietal of coffee that is made up of a single seed, rather than the usual two.
Pink Bourbon
Pink Bourbon is a rare variation of the Bourbon varietal, known for its sweet and balanced cup profile and unique pink color.
Purpurascens
Purpurascens is a rare coffee varietal with purple leaves, low production and cup quality, but is still maintained for its genetic value and resistance to disease and pests.
Rambung
Rambung is a coffee varietal that is native to Ethiopia, but was brought to Java in 1928. It is a cultivar, which is a type of plant that has been bred for specific characteristics.
Robusta
Robusta coffee is a variety of coffee beans that is scientifically known as Coffea Robusta.
Ruiru 11
Ruiru 11, a popular varietal in Kenya, that is used in many blends.
S.288
S.288 is a hardy arabica variety that is resistant to coffee leaf rust and has good cup quality, making it popular with farmers and roasters.
S795
The S795 coffee varietal is a hybrid variety of coffee developed in India.
Sarchimor
The Sarchimor coffee varietal is a hybrid of two different coffee varieties, Villa Sarchi and Hibrido de Timor, which is disease-resistant and high-yielding, making it an attractive option for coffee farmers.
Semperflorens
The Semperflorens coffee varietal is a unique cultivar with a Bourbon genetic background. It was discovered in Brazil in 1934.
Sidikalang
The Sidikalang coffee variety is a popular choice for farmers in Indonesia, as it is known for its hardiness and resistance to disease.
Sigarar Utang
The Sigarar Utang coffee varietal is a semi-dwarf plant developed by the Indonesia Coffee and Cocoa Research Institute (ICCRI) in the mid 90s.
SL-28
SL-28 is a popular coffee varietal in Kenya, known for its hardiness, high quality cup of coffee, resistance to coffee leaf rust, and high yields.
SL-34
SL-34 is a high-yielding, disease-resistant variety with a bright acidity and sweet, fruity flavor, used in some of the world's most renowned and expensive coffees.
Stenophylla
Coffea Stenophylla is a unique coffee species that is endemic to Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Ivory Coast.
Sulawesi
Sulawesi coffee is known for its low acidity and full body, and is processed using the semi-washed method. It is important to take care when processing to ensure the best flavors are achieved.
Tabi
Tabi coffee is a hybrid varietal developed by the Colombian Coffee Research Center (Cenicafe) by crossing Typica, Bourbon, and Timor varieties
Tekisic
Tekisic is a Bourbon cultivar variant of coffee that is still grown in El Salvador.
Tupi
Tupi is a hybrid variety of coffee developed in Costa Rica in the late 1980s, known for its resistance to leaf rust and high yield potential.
Typica
Typica is a popular coffee cultivar because it is known for its good cup quality.
Varietal
Varietal refers to the botanical variety of the coffee tree, but growing conditions and processing have a greater influence on the cup profile.
Villa Sarchi
Villa Sarchi is a high-yielding, disease-resistant arabica coffee varietal with a balanced acidity and body, grown in Central America and other countries.
Villalobos
The Villalobos variety is a hybrid of Typica and Caturra, known for its high yield, resistance to disease, and sweet and balanced cup profile.
Welicho
Welicho is an Ethiopian heirloom variety of coffee known for its unique flavor, aroma, high yield, and disease resistance.
Wolisho
The Wolisho variety of coffee is a low-yielding, small-leafed, drought-tolerant, slow-maturing, high-altitude, shade-tolerant, and hardy variety.
Yellow Bourbon
The Yellow Bourbon varietal is a sub-type of the Bourbon coffee varietal, which is named for the island in the Indian Ocean where French colonists first grew it.
Yellow Catuai
The Yellow Catuai is a hybrid Arabica variety developed in the 1950s, known for its high yield, resistance to disease, and balanced cup profile.
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