The Ultimate Coffee Glossary

Coffee Flowering

What does Coffee Flowering mean?

Coffee flowering is an essential stage in the growth of coffee trees. It marks the beginning of the fruiting cycle, where flowers on the coffee trees bloom and develop into cherries that will be harvested. Flowering typically occurs once a year, and the timing can vary depending on the location and climate conditions.
During the flowering process, the coffee tree produces small, fragrant, white flowers that last only a few days. These flowers are self-pollinating, and the resulting fertilised flowers develop into coffee cherries. The flowering process is crucial as the number of flowers on the tree determines the potential crop size. The size and density of the flowering can be influenced by environmental factors such as rainfall, temperature, and altitude, making it crucial to ensure ideal growing conditions.
After the flowers have been fertilised, they will develop into small green coffee cherries, which will gradually grow and mature over several months. The cherries will then turn red and become ripe, signaling the start of the harvest season.
Coffee flowering is a significant event in the annual coffee production cycle and sets the stage for the entire crop. Understanding the timing, density, and quality of the flowering can help coffee farmers predict their potential crop size and quality.
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