The Ultimate Coffee Glossary

Coffee Berry Disease

What is Coffee Berry Disease?

Coffee Berry Disease (CBD) is a serious fungal infection that can severely affect coffee crops. The disease is caused by the fungus Colletotrichum kahawae, and it is prevalent in most East African countries, with Kenya being the most affected. The fungus infects coffee berries, causing them to die and fall from the tree before they can ripen, resulting in a significant reduction in yield and quality.
CBD is primarily transmitted through the coffee seed, making it challenging to control the spread of the disease. The fungus infects the flower parts of the coffee plant during the flowering stage and then spreads to the coffee cherry. Once the cherry is infected, it turns brown and hard, and the berry dies. The affected cherries can then fall to the ground, where they become a source of infection for neighboring coffee plants.
CBD is a challenging disease to control, and preventing its spread is crucial to maintaining healthy coffee crops. The disease can be managed through proper pruning, removing and destroying diseased coffee plants, and implementing strict quarantine measures to prevent the introduction of infected seeds into new areas. Fungicides can also be used to control the disease, but their effectiveness depends on various factors, including the timing of the application, the severity of the infection, and the resistance of the fungus to the fungicide.
In conclusion, CBD is a severe fungal disease that can significantly impact coffee production, and controlling its spread is crucial for the industry. Proper management practices, including regular pruning, the removal of infected plants, and strict quarantine measures, can help prevent the spread of the disease and ensure healthy coffee crops.
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